One of the fastest growing economies in the world is India. India plans to grow clean energy source rapidly. Reducing the production of coal power plant in a country with the population of more than 1.25 billion is a difficult task. By 2030, India is committed to producing at least 40% of the power without using a fossil fuel power plant. No coal power plant will open in India after 2022 under the Paris Agreement. At the same time, many renewable power sources are being promoted. Let’s see how India will fulfill a huge electricity through Renewable Energy.
1. Moving to Solar
The conditions are favorable for solar energy and solar power plants In India. Solar energy can play a big role in the power supply. To achieve, the goal of 175GW capacity from renewable energy, produce by 2022. In this 175GW, 100 GW is producing from solar power. India has added 5.525 GW Solar Energy Capacity in the year 2016-2017. in the clean energy mission, Government of India will invest about 100 billion $ in solar energy up to 2022. also, the cost of electricity per unit will also be reduced.
here is the report of the largest solar power plant and some future plans of India’s clean energy mission-
- The Kamuthi Solar Power Project, which is spread over 2,500 acres in Kamuthi, is getting 648 MW of power from one place. The cost to make this is about the 710 million US $. it is made of 2.5 million solar modules. this is a flat-panel type PV plant. Completed in eight months, and capable of supplying 150,000 homes.
- Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park is spread over an area of 5,932.32 acres. It is currently India’s largest power plant. It is located in Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh. The production cost of this power plant is estimated at the 1.1 billion US $, and the capacity of the plant is 1000 MW. The project has been divided into 2 phase each has the capacity of 500MW.
- Bhadla Solar Park spread over 10,000 acres. power generates about 460 MW of power. The nameplate capacity of this power plant is 2,255 MW.
The main thing to see how the government deals with many problems in this mission. And how to fulfill the ambitious goal of 2022.
2. Nuclear Energy
Nuclear Energy is a very good alternative energy production measure. the emission control can be done by nuclear energy in the environment. in the last 15 years of research, development, and construction, India’s first prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) is on the verge of starting soon. This will be a big step for nuclear energy in India. The Nuclear scientists of India were shortening in Kalpakkam near Chennai for a long time. This reactor produces about 800 MW of electricity
India needs to buy from nuclear fuels from other countries. Nuclear fuel is an expensive fuel. Currently, 8 nuclear power plants are active with 6780 MW of installed capacity. 6 more Nuclear Plants with the capacity of 4,300 MW are under construction.
- By 2032 India’s nuclear power capacity goal is to reach 63,000 MW.
- By 2020, India’s installed nuclear power generation will increase to 20 GW.
- At present 478 tons of uranium is consumed by nuclear power plants every year.
- Tarapur is the largest nuclear power station in India.With a total capacity of 1400 MW.
3. Reducing Coal
Coal India Limited, the largest coal company in the world, recently announced its plans to shut 37 of its mines. Actually, the electric power of India is majorly dependent on coal. According to a report, 71% of India’s electricity is produced from thermal power plants. India is the fourth largest carbon emitting country in the world. The reduction in the use of coal is a necessary task for clean energy. Overall temperatures can be reduced by decreasing the amount of coal.
- Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station is India’s largest coal power plant. The installed capacity of this power plant is 4760 MW.
- No new coal power plant will be made from 2022.
- the main reason of coal power plant is to ease access to coal.
4. Moving to electric cars
5. LED Bulbs
Replacing ordinary bulbs with LED lights is therefore essential because it emits more carbon dioxide emissions along with electricity. Large amounts of ordinary bulbs are replaced with LED light and saved enough energy and also saved the emission of carbon dioxide. In some places, the street LED light is being installed with a solar panel. It is not a source of any renewable energy but a better way to save energy. LED Light Save Energy up to 5 So 10 Times. LEDs are much cooler than an ordinary bulb.