10 Terms Related To Industrial Power Plants | part-1

It has been seen students are confused after 12th examination for selection of branch for future studies. It’s hard to decide a proper field if you are still not select a proper branch and confused between many branches. and you are little bit interested in industrial field, then sciencetrap is listing the basic terms in this field. The industrial engineering concerned with industrial process. If you select the industrial engineering than you need to know this basic mechanical term before selecting it. However, you are familiar with this term but before starting a new field you can revise from here.  

1.Rankine Cycle: Rankine cycle is a thermodynamic cycle which predicts the performance of mechanical work. the efficiency of the Rankine cycle is quite limited by the high vaporization of the working fluid. In heat engines (found in a steam power plant) Rankine cycle follows the closed loop.

2.Carnot Cycle: Carnot cycle is a thermodynamic cycle, after the state change of any system, at the end, it comes in the initial state during the processing system follow a cycle and act as a heat engine, this cycle known as Carnot cycle. Carnot cycle is an ideal cycle which is not actually available it’s a theoretical construct.      

3.Steam power plant: this is power generation plan in which the turbines are driven by steam power. Water is heated and phase transformation takes place and it converts into steam. Steam turbines are designed to generate mechanical to electric energy.

4.Boilers: Boilers is a closed vessel, which converts water into steam with the help of heating applications. High-pressure and low-pressure boilers are used according to need. Boiling is a convective heat transfer process which involves phase change from liquid to vapor. The boiler is used to vapor generation. Basically, a boiler is closed vessel in which steam is produced. The heat is providing above saturation temperature to liquid. Modern Boiler has widespread application for power plants.

See More:  Classifications Of Boilers

5.Turbines: A mechanical device which converts mechanical energy into electric energy. The power generation depends upon turbine capacity placed in the plant. steam turbines are used in the steam power plant (superheated steam is useful). The hydroelectric dams used Francis and Kaplan turbines mostly. A turbine is the assembly of the shaft, rotor, drums, blade.

6.Coolant: the main purpose of any coolant is to absorb the excess amount of heat. Coolant in any nuclear reactor has high specific heat. Different types of nuclear reactors use carbon dioxide (GCR), hydrogen and heavy water.

7.Dust collectors: Dust collector devices are designed to reduce high volume dust loads. The process of combustion in power plant produces solid and fine dust particles. and these particles are floating inside the plant. some industrial process produces minor quantities of dust. Smokes and fly ash are the main types of dust. generally, Smokes produce due to half combustion of coal fuels. and fly ash generates due to solid fuels combustion.

See more7 Industrial Dust Collectors

8.Handling: Material handling method varies with types of power plant. handling of radioactive material requires special care, where Ash requires a large area, coal handling is a large and multi-step procedure in the steam power plant. in power plants, many handling equipments are used such as conveyors, cranes, overhead cranes, industrial trucks.

9.Chimney: A ventilation structure which provides removal of smoke and flue gas from the power plant. the removal of smoke at the sufficient height to the atmosphere. An industrial chimney is an external construction which is located near the boiler and furnace on the steam power plant.  

10.Nozzles:  A nozzle is designed to increase the velocity of fluid; the small cross section area is provided at enclosed chamber (at the exit).  The structure of the nozzle tube to control the fluid. all the pressure drop takes place in the stationary nozzle blades.


This post is incomplete( only part 1) for the part 2 of this post click here.

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